The Black Lives Matter Movement and other upstart black movements have been judged as to lacking leadership. Even Oprah is noted in the text of expressing criticism for the lack of leadership. As noted in the text the concept of leadershipless social action maybe a symptom of the twitter /social media movements when in reality their are leaders of black movements as identified in the readings. These leaders have qualities that are different and have evolved from the Martin Luther King era. They are as the article states more facilitators of action and moderators that spark the group into action… more democratic and less autocratic.
The greater problem is how do we spark change among youth in cities where violence, unemployment and poverty are at an all time high. The need for work, education and opportunity are evident as tools for solving the problem. If a society has primary needs met …drugs, violence and social upheaval diminish. How do we meet our needs? More military?